How Do You Say 38 In Spanish
How Do You Say 38 In Spanish – The Monarchy of Spain or Spanish Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Española), constitutionally known as The Crown (Spanish: La Corona), is a constitutional institution and the highest office of Spain.
The monarchy consists of the reigning monarch, his family and the royal household organization that supports and facilitates the monarch in the exercise of his duties and prerogatives.
How Do You Say 38 In Spanish
The Spanish monarchy is represented by King Felipe VI, Queen Letizia, and his daughters Leonor, Princess of Astoria, and Infanta Sofia.
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A constitutional monarchy for Spain after the Franco regime and the restoration of democracy in 1977. Spain is in the process of unification and consolidation and is also invested as the “mediator and moderator” of Spanish state institutions.
The constitution establishes royal styles and titles, royal privileges, hereditary succession to the crown, abdication and the use of a regressive patronage in cases of the minority or incapacity of the king.
According to the constitution, the monarch also plays an important role in promoting relations with “the peoples of his historical community”.
The King of Spain serves as president of the Organization of Ibero-American States, which represents 700,000,000 people in twenty-four member countries worldwide.
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The Spanish monarchy has its roots in the Visigoth Kingdom of Toledo, which was founded after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The Kingdom of Asturias fought the Reconquista after the Umayyad invasion of Spain in the 8th century. A dynastic marriage between Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (“the Catholic King”) united Spain in the 15th century. The Spanish Empire became one of the first world powers when Isabella and Ferdinand financed Christopher Columbus’ voyage of discovery across the Atlantic Ocean. The sea route he established paved the way for the Spanish conquest of a large part of America.
As of 2021, the official budget of the Spanish monarchy is 8.4 million euros, one of the lowest public expenditures for a monarchy in Europe.
Monarchy in Spain has its roots in the Visigothic Kingdom and its Christian successor states of Navarre, Asturias (later León and Castile) and Aragon, which carried out the Reconquista, or restoration of the Iberian Peninsula, after the Umayyad invasion of Spain in the 8th century fight. . One of the earliest influential families was the House of Jimenez, which united a large part of Christian Iberia under its leadership in the 11th century. From Sancho III of Navarre (r. 1000–1035) to Urraca of León and Castile (r. 1106–1125), members of the Jiménez family laid claim to the historical Visigothic title Imperator totius Hispaniae, or emperor of all Spain. The rulers of Jimenez sought to bring their kingdoms into the European mainstream and were often bound by alliances and marriages between the Peres, becoming the patrons of the Clinique reforms (c. 950-c.1130). Alfonso VII, son of Eureka and heir to Leon and Castile, was the first of the Spanish branch of the Burgundian family, the last to claim the royal title of Spain, but he divided his kingdom among his sons. Castilian Civil War (1366–1369) King Peter (r. 1334–1369) died at the hands of his illegitimate half-brother Harry, 1st Count of Trastamara who ruled as Hry II (r. 1369–1379). . Hry II became the first of the House of Trastámara to rule the Spanish monarchy. King Peter’s heir, his granddaughter Catherine of Lancaster, married Hry III, and reunited the families in the person of his son, King John II.
In the 15th century, the marriage between Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, known as the Catholic Monarchs, both members of the House of Trastamara, united the two most important kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula. Each empire maintained its own infrastructure. Andreas Palaiologos, the last heir to the crown of the Byzantine Empire, who styled himself “Emperor of Constantinople”, gave his royal title to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile in his last will.
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Although Spanish kings never used this title. In 1492, the Catholic monarchs conquered the Kingdom of Granada in southern Spain, the last Muslim area on the Iberian Peninsula. This date marks the unification of Spain, although Spanish empires continued before this date.
The territories of the Spanish Empire abroad were under the influence of the Crown of Castile, and Castile had great influence there.
After Spanish exploration and settlement in the Caribbean, the Spanish conquest of Mexico and the Spanish conquest of Peru, the crown established higher courts (audicias) and viceroyalties in important territories (Mexico, 1535; Panama, 1538, later replaced by Lima). , 1542). Viceroys and Audicias were effective administrators of royal policy.
In the beginning of the 16th century, the Spanish monarchy ascended to the House of Habsburg under King Charles I (Holy Roman Emperor or Charles V), son of Que Joanna and King Philip I of Castile. Imprisoned in Tordesillas with his mother and co-king Joanna, Charles I was sole ruler. The reign of Philip II of Spain marked the height of the Spanish Golden Age (1492-1659), a period of great colonial expansion and trade. The Spanish crown retained control over and benefited from all operations in the overseas colonies (monopoly on trade and large royal possessions), including the slave trade, which developed in the framework of the late medieval system. .
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The death of Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs, in 1700 caused the War of the Spanish Succession.
With the death of the childless Karel II, the succession to the throne was contested. Charles II named his sister Maria Theresa’s grandson, Philip of France, Duke of Anjou, as his heir. Spain’s potential alliance with France, the two major European powers at the time, led to the War of the Spanish Succession in the 18th century, which culminated in the Treaties of Utrecht (1713) and Rastatt (1714), which establishing the European balance of power. Balance preserved. .
Philip V was the first member of the House of Bourbon (Spanish: Borbón) to rule over Spain. That dynasty still rules today under Filips (Philip) VI.
In the middle of the eighth century, especially under Charles III of Spain, the Spanish Crown began an ambitious and far-reaching plan to carry out major reforms in the administration of Spain and the Spanish Empire. These changes, collectively known as the Bourbon reforms, sought to rationalize the administration and generate more revenue from the empire abroad.
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During the Napoleonic Wars, French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte forced Ferdinand VII to abdicate in 1808, and the Bourbons became the center of popular opposition to French rule. However, Ferdinand’s rejection of the liberal Spanish Constitution of 1812 as well as his ministerial appointments, especially the exclusion of liberals, gradually reduced popular support for the Spanish monarchy. With the de facto approval of 1830, Ferdinand enacted the Salic Law introduced by Philip V, which prohibited a woman from becoming sovereign of Spain. Thus, as was the custom before the arrival of the Bourbons, Ferdinand VII’s eldest daughter Isabella became his heir. Opponents of de facto ratification argued that it was never officially established, with Ferdinand VII’s younger brother Prince Carlos claiming that Salk was the rightful heir to the crown by law.
In September 1873 the First Spanish Republic was founded. A coup brought the Bourbon dynasty back to the throne in 1874.
Local and municipal elections in 1931 yielded victories (especially in urban areas) for candidates in favor of the establishment of a monarchy and a republic. Due to unrest in the cities, Alfonso XIII went into exile, but he did not resign. The litigating Provisional Government evolved into the relatively short-lived Second Spanish Republic. The Spanish Civil War began in 1936 and ended on April 1, 1939, with the victory of the coalition of General Francisco Franco and his allies, commonly known as the Nationalists. Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany aided Franco in the Spanish Civil War. A British MI6 operative flew Franco from the Canary Islands to Spanish North Africa to take over the Spanish Legion. The Soviet Union supported a republican government, as did Mexico under Lázaro Cardas.
After sixteen years without a monarchy or monarchy, Spain was made a kingdom again in 1947 by Gerald Franco, who claimed to rule Spain as head of the Kingdom of Spain by legal succession. However, without a king on the throne, he ruled through a coalition of Spanish Civil War allies, including, but not limited to, the Falange political party, supporters of the Bourbon royal family, and the Carlists, until his death in 1975 .
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Despite Franco’s alliance with the Carlists, Franco appointed Juan Carlos I de Borbón as his successor, who is credited with presiding over Spain’s transition from dictatorship to democracy while fully supporting political reforms.
Undeterred by the pace of democratic reform, the new king, known for his strong personality, dismissed Carlos Arias Navarro and in 1977 appointed the reformer Adolfo Suárez as president of the government.
The following year, the king signed the new liberal democratic constitution of Spain, which was ratified
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