59 Centimeters Is How Many Inches

59 Centimeters Is How Many Inches – Inch (symbol: in or ) is a unit of length in the British and United States imperial measurement systems. This is the same as

1/12 foot. Derived from the Roman uncia (“twelfth”), the word inch is also sometimes used to translate similar units in other measurement systems, usually understood as a derivative of the width of a human thumb.

59 Centimeters Is How Many Inches

59 Centimeters Is How Many Inches

The standard for measuring exactly one inch has varied in the past, but since the international adoption of yards during the 1950s and 1960s, inches have been based on the metric system and defined as exactly 25.4 mm.

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The English word “inch” (Old English: ynce) is an early borrowing from the Latin uncia (“eleventh; Roman inch; Roman ounce”).

The vowel change from Latin /u/ to old /y/ (which becomes /ɪ/) is called umlaut. The change of consonant from Latin /k/ (spelled c) to sparkling /tʃ/ is palatalization. Both are features of Old Glish phonology; see History of Old English phonology Germanic I-Mutation palatalizations and umlauts in Old English for more information.

“inci” is cognate with “ounce” (old Glish: ynse), which separate pronunciation and spelling reflects Middle English borrowing from Anglo-Norman unce and ounce.

In many other European languages, the word for “inch” is the same or derived from the word “thumb”, as a male thumb is about an inch wide (and this is sometimes used to define an inch).

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Including Catalan: polzada (“inch”) and polze (“thumb”); Czech: palec (“thumb”); Danish and Norwegian: tomme (“inch”) tommel (“thumb”); Dutch: duim (where Afrikaans: duim and Russian: ); Frch: bag; Hungarian: únách; Italy: police; Portuguese: polegada (“inch”) and polegar (“thumb”); (“duim”); Slovak: palec (“thumb”); Spanish: pulca (“inch”) and pulgar (“thumb”); and Swedish: tum (“inch”) and tumme (“thumb”).

It is also used in Japan for electronic components, especially display screens. In most of continental Europe, inches are also used informally as display screen sizes. For Great Britain, public sector usage guidelines state that, from 1 October 1995, in perpetuity, inches (and feet) must be used as the primary units for road signs and related distance measurements (with the possible exception of height and feet). wide clearances).

And may continue to be used as a secondary or additional indication after metric measurements for other purposes.

59 Centimeters Is How Many Inches

Inch is usually used to determine the diameter of the wheel rim of the vehicle, and the corresponding inner diameter of the tire in the tire code.

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The standard international symbol for inches is in (see ISO 31-1, Appendix A) but traditionally inches are denoted by a double prime number, which is often denoted by a double quotation mark symbol, and feet by a prime number, which is often. surrounded by quotation marks. For example; three feet, two inches can be written as 3′ 2″. (This is similar to how the first and second “cut” hours are also indicated by the prime and double prime symbols, as well as the truncation of the first and second degree.)

Divisions of an inch are usually written using dyadic fractions with odd numerators; for example, two and three eighths of an inch will be written as

2 + 6 / 16 . However, for the purpose of gineering, the fraction is usually given to three or four decimal places and has become more years.

The earliest known reference to inches in a gland is from the law of thelberht dating from the beginning of the 7th century, which survives in one manuscript, the Textus Roffsis from 1120.

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Paragraph LXVII prescribes fines for wounds of different depths: one inch, one shilling; two inches, two shillings, etc.

The Anglo-Saxon lgth unit is the barleycorn. After 1066, 1 inch is equal to 3 barleycorns, which continues to be the legal definition for some cultures, with barleycorn as the basic unit.

One of the earliest definitions is 1324, where the legal definition of an inch is defined in the statute of Edward II’s gland, defining it as “three grains of barley, dry and round, placed d to d, lgthwise”.

59 Centimeters Is How Many Inches

One, dating from the first half of the 10th century, is contained in Hywel Dda’s Law which supersedes Dyfnwal’s law, the previous definition of inches in Wales. Both definitions, as noted in Ancit Laws and Institutes of Wales (vol i., pp. 184, 187, 189), are that “three lg of grain one inch”.

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King David I of Scotland in his Assize of Weights and Measures (c. 1150) is said to have defined the Scottish inch as the average width of a man’s thumb at the base of a nail, including the requirement to calculate a small average. medium and large size.

However, the oldest extant manuscript is from the early 14th century and appears to have been modified by incorporating newer material.

In 1814, Charles Butler, a mathematics teacher at Cheam School, noted the old legal definition of an inch as “three ripe grains of barley removed from the middle ear, smoothed well, and placed d to d in succession.”, and put barleycorn, not an inch , as the basic unit of the Glish system of Length Measurement, from which all other units are derived.

Butler observes, that “[a] s lgth of barley-corn cannot be returned, so inches according to this method are not certain”, noting that the current standard size of inches [ie. by 1843] kept in the chamber of the Treasurer, Guildhall, and it is the legal meaning of inches.

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This is a point that George Long also made in his Pny Cyclopædia in 1842, observing that the standard measure had exceeded the definition of the barleycorn inch, and that to recover the inch from its original definition, if the standard measure had to be crushed, it would. involves measuring a large amount of grain and taking the average. He noted that this process will not return a perfect standard, because it can throw errors anywhere between a hundred and a million inches in the meaning of the game.

Before the international adoption of yard and pound, various definitions were used. In England and most of the British Commonwealth of Nations, inches are defined in terms of the Imperial Standard Yard. The United States adopted the conversion factor of 1 meter = 39.37 inches by law in 1866.

In 1893, Mdhall ordered the realization of physical inches based on prototypes of international meters number 21 and 27, which had been received from CGPM, together with the previously adopted conversion factor.

59 Centimeters Is How Many Inches

As a result of the above definition, the US inch is effectively defined as 25.4000508 mm (with a reference temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit) and the British inch as 25.399977 mm (with a reference temperature of 62 degrees Fahrenheit). When Carl Edvard Johansson began producing gauges in inches in 1912, Johansson’s compromise was to produce gauges with a nominal size of 25.4mm, with a reference temperature of 20 degrees Celsius, accurate to a few parts per million of the two official definitions. . Since the Johansson blocks became so popular they became the de facto standard for international manufacturers,

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And other gauge block manufacturers follow Johansson’s definition by producing blocks designed to match themselves.

In 1930, the British Standards Institution adopted an inch to be exactly 25.4 mm. The American Standards Association followed in 1933. By 1935, industry in 16 countries had adopted the “industrial inch” as it came to be known,

In 1946, the Commonwealth Science Congress recommended a yard to be exactly 0.9144 meters to be adopted throughout the British Commonwealth. It was adopted by Canada in 1951;

The new standard gives an inch exactly 25.4 mm, 1.7 millionths of an inch longer than the old imperial inch and 2 millionths of an inch shorter than the old US inch.

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The definition of 1 / 39.37-meter for surveying, produces 2 million shared differences between standard and US survey inches.

1/8 inch per mile; 12.7 kilometers is exactly 500,000 standard inches and exactly 499,999 survey inches. This difference is quite large when doing calculations in the State Plane Coordinate System with coordinate values ​​in the hundreds of thousands or millions of feet.

In 2020, the U.S. NIST announced that the US survey foot will be “deleted” on January 1, 2023 and replaced by the International foot (also known as foot) which is exactly equal to 0.3048 meters, for all subsequent applications.

59 Centimeters Is How Many Inches

Before the metric system was adopted, some European countries had a custom unit whose name was translated as “inches”. The Frch bag measures about 27.0 mm, at least what is used to describe artillery caliber. An Amsterdam foot (voet) is made up of 11 Amsterdam inches (duim). Amsterdam legs are about 8% shorter than glish legs.

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